The median price of a new and previously owned homes has dipped for Los Angeles County. The year over year change is -10.5%. This can turn out to be a leading indicator for the industrial real estate market as residential price and sale declines can ripple through the local economy. Only time will tell.
Contessa frozen food plant – new “green” standard
Contessa Premium Foods offered a VIP sneak peek of its Green Cuisine Plant, the world’s first and largest environmentally responsible, LEED-certified frozen food manufacturing plant. The City of Commerce will rename the street where the plant is “Contessa Drive.”This is the first time the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) has awarded LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification to a frozen-food manufacturing facility. The LEED rating system is the national standard for design, construction, and operation of green buildings. It recognizes five areas of environmental and human health: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, indoor environmental quality, and selection of materials. Located in Los Angeles CA, the new plant is a 4 million-cubic-foot facility, costing more than $35 million, that will produce up to 150 million pounds of product the first year alone. The facility, its processes, and the product manufactured there will be known as Green Cuisine.
California Export & Unemployment Numbers Up
In November, California led the nation in total exports ($12.8 billion) using the Bureau of Economic Analysis’ (BEA) U.S. Principal Parties of Interest (USPPI) series. Texas had the second highest total export value for the month ($11.7 billion). Year-over-year, California’s total exports increased by +9.7% while Texas’ total exports increased by +5.9%. In the area of manufactured exports, Texas edged out California with $9.6 billion versus $9.0 billion (year-over-year increases of +5.0% and +9.7% respectively). Year-to-date (YTD), total California exports increased by +7.6% (to $117.7 billion) compared with the first eleven months of 2006.
The California Employment Development Department (EDD) released December unemployment estimates last week. Seasonally adjusted, the Los Angeles County unemployment rate was 5.6%, up from 5.3% in November, from 5.1% in October, and from 4.5% a year earlier. December was the seventh consecutive month that the County’s unemployment rate increased over the previous year.
Demand for Industrial Condominiums Slows
Southern California Slowing Acceleration
The Southern California industrial market continues to generate superlatives — highest rents, lowest vacancies, most construction, greatest absorption — but 2008 looks to a see if not an actual slowdown at least a tapering off in the rate of growth.
One forecaster states “It’s a time to catch our breath and prepare for the next wave. Most industrial developers are welcoming the slowing. The pace has been almost too fast. All this money has been pouring in, and sales and lease activity has been unbelievable. I think most people agree we need a break to catch our breath and assess what the next steps should be. Demand remains solid on both the sales and leasing ends. Cap rates are holding. Rents are holding. It’s more a question of slowing acceleration than deceleration.”
If there is any serious concern about the region’s future, it lies in the possibility of a downturn at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, which account for 40% of U.S. imports.
Largest refrigerated warehouses ranked
The International Association of Refrigerated Warehouses (IARW) in October released its annual listing of its top 20 North American member companies with the greatest gross capacity at their facilities. The combined space of these companies is more than 1.7 billion cubic feet. Company rankings with capacity in cubic feet are:
- AmeriCold Logistics, 415,989,001
- Atlas Cold Storage, 209,347,982
- Versacold Group, 206,058,661
- United States Cold Storage, 152,993,447
- Preferred Freezer Services, 152,982,511
- Interstate Warehousing, 63,670,368
- Burris Refrigerated Logistics, 58,133,995
- Total Logistic Control, 52,753,106
- Nordic Cold Storage, 51,722,100
- Cloverleaf Cold Storage, 48,982,883
- Columbia Colstor, 48,710,060
- Inland Cold Storage, 41,753,576
- Richmond Cold Storage Co, 40,486,491
- Henningsen Cold Storage, 37,600,574
- Frialsa Frigorificos, 33,458,847
- Hanson Logistics, 32,496,430
- Conestoga Cold Storage, 24,773,000
- Zero Mountain, 23,644,000
- Congbec Logistics, 22,500,000
- Interstate Cold Storage, 21,403,000
Total space: 1,739,460,032
37% Increase in Container Shipments
The majority of the industrial market remains steady in either the recovery or expansion phase. Top markets include Los Angeles and Orange County, Calif., Sarasota, Fla., and San Francisco. One trend to watch: the development of intermodal facilities–where shipping containers are transferred between rail and truck. Container shipments have increased 37 percent in the last five years, and now represent the largest revenue source for railroads. This trend is expected to continue as manufacturing of consumer goods continues to shift to Asia. The twin ports in Los Angeles turn heavy loads of containers and the rail and truck yards are booming to keep pace with the imports.
Liquidity meets demand for Commercial Loans
The third quarter of 2007 witnessed dramatic changes in the real estate capital markets not seen in recent years. With the foreshadowing of a credit crisis on the horizon as sub-prime residential mortgage companies began to fail, the capital markets reacted with a swift constriction of conduit lending for a short period of time due to a cut-back of investor interest in CMBS and CDO (Commercial Debt Obligations) investment products and new underwriting standards to address the state of flux that has gripped the industry.
Access to debt and equity financing has been constrained by the recent credit crunch, but the real estate fundamentals are still strong, according to real estate experts. Stan Ross, Chairman of the Lusk Center for Real Estate at USC, said, “You may see some nervousness in the commercial real estate lending markets, but I am not sure that matters. The fundamentals remain good for commercial real estate in most markets. There is not a lot of new supply coming online. There is a lot of global capital there to do what we need to get done; it bodes well for real estate, very well for real estate.”
The fundamentals in the Southern California industrial market remain strong with good economic occupancy, growth in rental rates, population and employment growth, and limited supply for the inherent demand. Lenders continue to favor industrial, as well as retail and multi-family. These product lines are still trading at record levels, with low capitalization rates unheard of just ten years ago.
The repricing of risk has had a dynamic effect on the real estate capital markets. Buyers of investment properties have had to deal with the increase of margin spreads on existing debt financing, as well as new underwriting standards. This has stalled some transactions in the late third quarter, but capital remains plentiful in the marketplace. Underwriting standards and credit availability have caused lenders to migrate to higher quality assets, locations, operational histories, and sponsorships.
Owner/user/purchasers are seeing favorable conditions even in the current lending climate. SBA loans to fund the purchase of owner-occupied buildings have not been affected dramatically. Balance sheet lenders that typically originate the SBA programs are still very active, providing borrowers with higher leverage (up to 90% LTV) and competitive rates through the SBA 504 program.
The lender groups that have dominated the market in the recent past, large institutional lenders and Wall Street firms, have been forced to the sidelines; however, life companies and portfolio lenders are still very actively funding transactions. Buyers are finding changes in the lending climate, evidenced by the lower loan-to-value ratios and larger equity requirements, based upon their new underwriting criteria.
Interest rates and spreads will continue to reflect the volatility in the marketplace. It remains to be seen how long the uncertainty in the market will last, with experts saying that the credit situation should subside by the beginning of 2008. The current condition of the market has created opportunities for private lenders and life companies while the secondary mortgage market works through the recent turmoil.
Central Los Angeles Industrial Market Q4-2007
The Central Los Angeles industrial market encompasses approximately 300,000,000 square feet of building area. This market includes the well-known submarkets Vernon/Commerce and Downtown Los Angeles. The Central Market completed the second quarter with an overall (direct and sublease) vacancy rate of 1.32%, which is down from 1.56% a year ago. Factors that attributed to this market’s low vacancy rate included strong buyer and tenant demand and expanding local economy. Planned and Build-to-Suit projects that came online during the quarter represented 473,624 square feet, an increase of 265,000 square feet from the previous quarter. Leasing activity continued its upward trend, comprising 67% of the total market activity.
A Few Terms: Rates and Lease Types
The percentage of all space being marketed for sale or lease at a period of time in a given area.
The percentage of all unoccupied space being marketed for sale or lease at a period of time in a given area.
Gross Lease (GRS)
A lease agreement in which the stated rent being paid to the landlord includes property taxes and property insurance.
Total number of properties leased or sold for occupancy at a period of time in a given area.
Triple Net Lease (NNN)
A lease agreement whereby the tenant is obligated to pay for all the operating expenses, i.e. property taxes, property insurance, and facility maintenance.